Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Archive for August, 2015

Fullpaper PDF: speech levels in indonesian-austronesia 2015

 

DO SPEECH LEVELS EXIST IN INDONESIAN?

Majid Wajdi

mawa2id@gmailcom

Politeknik Negeri Bali

Jalan Kampus Bukit Jimbaran, Kuta Selatan, Badung, Bali

 

 

Abstract

Most of the speakers of Indonesian language are native speakers of local languages, mainly the language of Java, Sunda, Bali, Sasak, Mudarese and others. These five languages are widely known for their speech levels. Let us take an example, the language of Java is a stratified language in which low (ngoko) and high (krama) codes co-exist in it as means of daily communication among its speakers or users. These two speech levels, low and high speech levels, have their own form, function and meaning when they are used by its speakers. Of course there is a fundamental difference that should be considered between these two languages, the language of Indonesia and the language of Java, as well as the other four languages. As an egalitarian language, of course, the language of Indonesia does not have any speech levels like the language of Java does. Although it is unfair to compare between the language of Indonesia and the language of Java from speech levels point of view, this paper is simply meant to trace how the words of the language of Indonesia show its speech levels in its own way. As an example, the Indonesian verbs: berfirman, bersabda, dan berkata are used to describe an activity of ‘saying’ or ‘speaking’ of God (berfirman), the Prophet of Muhammad (bersabda), and people in common (berkata). It is hyphothezied here that there are speech levels in the language of Indonesia, but they are not to compare with the speech levels like in the language of Java, Bali, Madura, Sunda and or Sasak of Lombok.

Keyword:  Indonesian, low/high speech level, honorific word

Advertisements

Read Full Post »

Beautiful Life with Cancer

Discovering the Gift

Storytime with John

Pull up and listen...I've got a funny one for ya...

Sociolinguistics

Demi Pena dan Apa Yang Dituliskan: Berisi Aktivitas coretan dan Makalah

WordPress.com

WordPress.com is the best place for your personal blog or business site.

Beautiful Life with Cancer

Discovering the Gift

Storytime with John

Pull up and listen...I've got a funny one for ya...

Sociolinguistics

Demi Pena dan Apa Yang Dituliskan: Berisi Aktivitas coretan dan Makalah

WordPress.com

WordPress.com is the best place for your personal blog or business site.

Beautiful Life with Cancer

Discovering the Gift

Storytime with John

Pull up and listen...I've got a funny one for ya...

Sociolinguistics

Demi Pena dan Apa Yang Dituliskan: Berisi Aktivitas coretan dan Makalah

WordPress.com

WordPress.com is the best place for your personal blog or business site.

Beautiful Life with Cancer

Discovering the Gift

Storytime with John

Pull up and listen...I've got a funny one for ya...

Sociolinguistics

Demi Pena dan Apa Yang Dituliskan: Berisi Aktivitas coretan dan Makalah

WordPress.com

WordPress.com is the best place for your personal blog or business site.