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Archive for March, 2016

COMMUNICATION STRATEGY IN JAVANESE

Majid Wajdi

mawa2id @yahoo.com

Politeknik Negeri Bali

 

Abstract

This paper tries to look critically at the phenomenon of language or code choice and code usage in Javanese. As a language that lives in a situation of diglosia, Javanese is known as a language characterised by high and low speech levels. The level of high speech or high code (krama) and the low level of speech or low code (ngoko) are what makes Javanese language included in the category of diglosia in language or language that lives in a diglosia situation. If we look at the phenomenon of code choice and the use of code in Javanese using a theory of code, namely the theory of code switching or code mixing, it turns out that there is something very interesting and at the same time have not much explored and discussed so far in studies of language codes and code choices especially Javanese.

So far the phenomenon of choice and use of code in language diglosia, namely language that recognises high and low levels of speech, turns out to be generalised as a phenomenon that occurs in a non-diglosia bilingual or non-diglosia bilingualism. This means that the phenomenon of code choice and the use of code in diglosia situations must be carefully distinguished by the phenomenon of choice and use of code in the bilingual and bilingualism of non-diglosia. Given the status of high speech (high code) and low level of speech (low code), the choice of code and use of codes in the language or language diglosia must be carefully distinguished from the phenomenon of choice and use of code in the non-bilingual diglossia.

The phenomenon of choice and the use of high code (krama) and low code (ngoko) in the Javanese language allows the occurrence of code switching, code mixing, as well as code crossing. If high code and low code are used by two speakers in a conversation, say speaker 1 (using high code) and speakers 2 (using low codes), then the phenomena that occurs is not only the phenomenon of code switching or code mixing, but the phenomenon of code crossing.

Keywords: conversation strategy, code switching, cross code, Javanese speech levels

 

Fullpaper PDF: Unduh (download) denga cara meng-klik tulisan bergaris di bawah ini:

drpm2016-stratetgi komunikasi-silang kode – makalahdrpm2016-stratetgi komunikasi-silang kode – makalah

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