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UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER

TAHUN AKADEMIK 2014/2015

—————————————————————————————————————————-

MATA KULIAH       : GENERAL ENGLISH 1

SEMESTER           : I (A, B, C) D-4

HARI/TANGGAL     : Kamis, 5 Februari 2015

WAKTU                     : 10:15—11:45

PENGAJAR               : Majid Wajdi

I. Read the dialogues (dialogue 1 and 2) carefully and answer the questions in complete ones

Dialogue 1

Andri               : Can you tell me what bus goes to the town?

Harry              : Excuse me. Where are you going to?

Andri               : To the town.

Harry              : Oh. That’s bus number fifteen.

Andri               : I beg your pardon? Bus number fifty?

Harry              : No. Bus number fifteen.

Andri               : Oh, sorry. It’s noisy around here. Thank you.

Harry              : That’s all right.

Dialogue 2

Operator         : Good morning, Polytechnics here. Can I help you?

Caller               : Yes, please. Can I speak with Mr. Nengah, please?

Operator         : Excuse me. Can you speak louder, please?

Caller             : Can I talk with Mr. Nengah?

Operator          : Nengah? Oh yes. What Nengah is it? We have many Nengahs here.

Caller               : I am not sure.

Operator         : What department does he belong to?

Caller               : Can you say that again?

Operator         : What department does he belong to?

Caller               : Oh, he belongs to Business Administration Department.

Operator          : That’s Mr. Nengah Rame. Okay. Wait a minute please. I’ll put out you through. (After a short while).

Operator         : Hello. I am afraid he is not in at the moment

Caller               : Okay. I’ll call again later.

Questions
  1. Where is dialogue 1 possibly spoken?
  2. Why does Andri want Harry to repeat his words?
  3. What bus goes to the town?
  4. How is Andri going to the town?
  5. How many persons are there in dialogue 1. Who are they?
  6. Where does the operator in dialogue 2 work?
  7. How many Mr. Nengahs are there in the office?
  8. Which Nengah does the speaker want to speak with?
  9. Was the caller able to speak with Mr. Nengah that he wanted to?
  10. When will the caller call Mr Nengah again?                                                                                                          II. Complete the following dialogue
  1. A: Good afternoon, every one!

B: ———————————-

A: ———————————-

B: I am fine, thank you!

  1. A: When ———————————?

B: I was born on November 16, 1995.

A: What ———————————-?

B: I was born on Friday.

  1. A: May I ———————–your pen?

B: Sure, here you are!

A: Thank you very much!

B: ——————————————-

  1. A: What ————————————?

B: Today is Tuesday.

A: What day is after Wednesday?

B: ——————————————–

  1. A: May I ———————————–?

B: Certainly, My name is Liliani.

A: Where ———————————-?

B: I live in Bukit Jimbaran, near my campus.

  1. A: Would you like a cup of tea?

B: No, thanks.

A: What ————————————?

B: I would like a cup of coffee.

  1. A: ——————————————-?

B: They usually go to campus by bus.

  1. A: ——————————————-

B: My sister’s name is Ni Made Kumah

  1. A: ——————————————–?

B: The mother’s day is on December 22.

  1. A: What do you do, Tini?

B: ————————– of Bali State Polytechnic.

III. Supply the blank spaces with the right words

who           where              how                 do                    have

what          why                 when               does                 will

  1. ———– goes to campus by bus? Aries and Tony do.
  2. ———– is your friend waiting? She is waiting in the canteen.
  3. ———– they understand the lesson well? No, they don’t.
  4. ———– didn’t she do the homework? Because she was sick
  5. ———– much money do you spend? I spend 500.000 rupiahs per month.
  6. Do we ———– to answer the questions completely?
  7. ———– is your answer? My answer is B.
  8. ———– she live in Bukit Jimbaran? Yes, she lives in Bukit Jimbaran.
  9. ———– was your sister born? In 1998.
  10. ———– you be at campus tomorrow?                                                                                                             IV. Do like the examples

Example: -Tom is in the classroom. (where)

Where is Tom?

-Tom studies at Polytechnic. (where)

Where does Tom study?

  1. This is a white-board marker. (what)
  1. Rini lives with her friends in town. (who)
  2. They are his brothers. (whose)
  3. Tom called her yesterday. (who/whom)
  4. She was absent from school because she was sick. (why)
  5. They will study at State Polytechnic of Bali next year. (where)
  6. We go to campus by bus. (how)
  7. It costs twenty-five thousand rupiahs. (how much)
  1. There are twenty-eight students in the classroom. (how many)
  2. The students like English. (what)                                                                                                                          V. Arrange the words into a good order grammatically and meaningfully.

For example:

Because – I – did – rained – yesterday – not – it – come – here.

                     I did not come here because it rained yesterday.

  1. pretty – Donny – Tiny – she – is – likes – because
  2. went – Jakarta – visit – family – reason – the – why – to – I – to – is – my
  3. changed – I – tried – her – to – mind – approach – that – so – her – she
  4. of – boss – he – here – came – bus – by – because – his
  5. efficiency – prefer – people – to – computer – typewriter – of – its – because
  6. rain – because – I – sick – was – walked – in – the – I
  7. car – work – her – to – was – lift – broken – a – down – so – took – she
  8. people – programs – television – like – to – of – stay – at – because – home.
  9. so – healthy – you – always – should – are – exercise – you – regularly – that

10.Michael Jackson – creative – award – was – legendary – so – that – he – given – was

VI. You are a student of State Polytechnic of Bali. You have been studying at State Polytechnic of Bali for six months or one semester. Please tell what you feel to be a student of Polytechnic.

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I am a student of State Polytechnic of Bali

You are a student of State Polytechnic of Bali. You have been studying at  State Polytechnic of Bali for six months or one one semester. Please tell what you feel to be a student of  State Polytechnic of Bali.

You can write down your answer on the “Leave a Comment” below.

I am a student of State Polytechnic of Bali

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MUST DAN HAVE TO

Kata “harus” lazimnya diungkapkan dengan kata must atau have to dalam bahasa Inggris. Saya harus belajar: I must study atau I have to study. Dalam bentuk tanya: Must I study? Do you have to study? I must not study. I do not have to study (bentuk negatif).

Ada yang bertanya, apa perbedaan antara must dan have to. Jika anda mengatakan: I must study, maksudnya keharusan itu datangnya dari diri Anda sendiri. Kewajiban belajar merupakan kewajiban moral yang lahir dari kesadaran penutur atau must itu moral obligation.  Sebaliknya kalau ada yang mengatakan I have to study, keharusan itu datangnya dari luar diri si penutur. Artinya, kewajiban itu bukan lahir atas dorongan diri sendiri, tetapi atas desakan orang lain (orang tua, guru dll).

Demikian penjelasan singkat perbedaan must dan have to.

MUST DAN HAVE TO

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english-1 handout

Hand-out cetak yang dibagikan kepada mahasiswa ternyata tidak semua dibawa pulang. Para mahasiswa lebih suka menyimpan handout itu di almari besi yang ada di ruang kelas. Jika tidak ada almari, mereka lebih suka menyimpannya di laci meja mereka. Jika di ruang kelas tidak tersedia almari atau laci meja belajar mahasiswa, terus di mana mereka menyimpannya? Jika mereka menyimpannya di laci atau almari ruang kelas, yang menjadi pertanyaan adalah kapan mereka membaca handout mereka? Di rumah mereka atau di kamar kos mereka?

Daripada mereka susah payah membawa handout cetak yang boleh jadi memberatkan mereka, ya lebih baik saya simpan handout Englishs-1 di e-file yang sedang saya rintis. Sayang saya belum tahu bagaimana menyimpan file pdf di blogspot (ini adalah blog wordpress). Upaya ini juga sebagai ikhtiar saya merintis e-filing …….

HANDOUT ENGLISH (1) 1-14

english-1 handout

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LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE AND LOVE ACQUISITION DEVICE 

Majid Wajdi

Whether we realize or not, all human being around the world have already been created by God without limit. God creates human in an unlimited way of creation. Every human being is equipped by their ability to learn a new language. What method and what technique do human being apply in order to ease them in learning their new language? As we know that all children around the world, with their own social and political background, are able to acquire their language when they are under five years old. I want to use term ‘under five years old’, because I find the Indonesian term for ‘under five years old’ is ‘balita’, bawah lima tahun.

When a child (under five) starts learning a language, he/she just maximizes his/her ability to pay attention to his/her surrounding. In this case, a child maximizes his/her ability to learn a new language. They just ‘listen’ and ‘listen’ and then try to imitate every sound they listen to. It means that they try to ‘speak’ and ‘speak’. Listening has become the first activity for a child in acquiring or learning a language. They listen carefully every word around him/her. After listening, they practise speaking. What they do during the first five years is listening and speaking.

Why are children able to learn a new language when they are under five years old? God creates them by giving them a kind of tool called LAD, language acquisition device. LAD is a kind of device or a tool used by every human being to learn or to acquire a language. That is a child is able to acquire a new language, although he/she is not equipped by another tool. A child cannot use a pencil or a pen and a note book to aid him/her in taking a note.

LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE AND LOVE ACQUISITION DEVICE  

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FOUR STAGES IN LANGUAGE LEARNING

Four Stages in Language Learning

Majid Wajdi

Listening first then Speaking

When we are going to study English for the first time, from the beginning, what should we do? Principally when someone wants to study any languages, whether it is English, Indonesian, Japanese etc. the most important step to do is listening. Most of us are familiar with four steps in language learning. If you never hear someone else, whether they are native speakers or non-native ones, speaks the language your studying, it will be uneasy for you to measure the mastery of the language you are learning. Here I would like to underline that the most important thing to do in studying any languages is ‘listening’. The question is why listening. When you were under five years old, you practised listening activity, in learning your first language. Here I would like to differ between first language and mother tongue. If your parents speak Balinese (the language of Bali) and they speak Balinese to you and you are able to speak it, it means your mother tongue is Balinese. On the other hand, we can also say that your first language as well as your mother tongue is Balinese. If your parents speak Balinese in their daily life, but speak Indonesian to you every day (and you cannot speak Balinese, you only speak Indonesian), it means that your first language is Indonesian (Indonesian language), and we cannot say that your mother tongue is Indonesian. In my opinion, you do not have any mother tongue. You only have first language.

When you were under five years old, the way you learn your first language was through listening. At that time, you just maximize your ability to listen, to pay attention to others when they were speaking. You listened to your mom, your dad, your uncle, your aunt, your elder brother, your elder sister, your neighbours, and others. You imitated every word they uttered. Here, you practised speaking the language you were going to master. You tried to speak or uttered a certain word around you. Although, first, you speak or pronounce wrongly, but you keep trying again and again. When under five years old, or under three years old, you had been unable to read yet either write. Your ability to communicate is through listening and speaking. You listened first and then you speak by uttering one or two words. When you said ‘cucu’, it meant that you needed some milk you are thirsty. When you said ‘mimik’, it meant that you were thirsty and you want some drink.

You grew up as  a good child when you were under five. Your curiosity to learn was undeniable. You became a faster learner. You learned your first language or your new language well. Every one loved you, because you were nice enough before them. They loved the way you speak. They loved the way you uttered a new word. Because you had not been able to write yet, you never tried to memorize a new word by writing it. Your ability to take a note was not dug up. You just memorized every words you heard and you used them every day. You directly practised your new words every time you had an opportunity to do so. The way you learned your first language is through listening and practising, in this case, speaking.

A friend of mine told me that his wife did not know English. Although she had studied English more than twelve years, but she never practised it. She was un able to speak English. A lucky opportunity was on her. Her husband went to America to study there. He and his wife lived for five years. Every day, she heard every body spoke English. She had not had an opportunity to listen to Indonesian or Balinese word. English was the main menu she had every day, during five years. What a surprise, she finally was able to speak English. She was finally able to speak English, because she listened English every day. Listening is one of the most aspects in learning a new language.

When I was at senior high school in Purworejo, Central Java, one of my neighbours (read my uncle’s neighbours) had a nice experience. He was a contracted teacher in Malaysia in 1969 to 1979. He and his family lived there and he taught there for ten years. His two sons became good at English. Why? Because they only heard and listened to English during their living in Malaysia. When they went back to Indonesia, they were seen their ability to use their English. Of course, they became ‘stars of English’ in their Indonesian classroom.

What is the conclusion? If you study a certain language (it can be English or other language), you will  have to listen to the new word of the language you are studying. Listen to your teacher when speaking. Listen to your classmates when uttering a certain word, a certain sentences etc and try to imitate them. Listen and practise speaking the language you are studying. If not, it means that you are a passive learner not an active one. LISTENING and SPEAKING have became two  in one activity. Try and try to practise listening and speaking every day.

FOUR STAGES IN LANGUAGE LEARNING

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ENGLISH ALPHABET AND INTERNATIONAL ALPHABET

you can read also here

Here, I would like to share what we have to do to keep our English. As we know, especially my generation – the generation born between 1960 to 1980 – had to study English when we were in Junior High School. Today, we see that the generation after 1990 are introduced to English when they are at Elementary school. Even some children are familiar with English at kindergarten. Kindergarten |ˈkindərˌgärtn, -ˌgärdn| is a school or class that prepares children for first grade. A child in kindergarten is typically 5 or 6 years old. It means they are lucky enough to know English when they are young. In this opportunity, I would like to share, I would like to jot down what I believe useful to share. Of course, I must up date what I am going to say here. I am going to start from the very basic one to do in studying English. It is designed for Indonesian students learning English from the basic and fundamental thing to know and to learn. I will say that core basic English is worth studying first before we talk about the other thing to do and to know or to know and to do. The following topic is important to know and to do when you are going to study English. I. English Alphabet and International Alphabet Why do we have to study English Alphabet and International Alphabet? If you know the English Alphabet, it will be easier for you to spell a certain word. We have to make a certain word clear for our partner in daily communication. You have to spell your name, because sometimes other people misspelled your name. I will give you an example concerning misspelled name of me. My full name is Majid Wajdi. In fact, based on my experience so far that my last name ‘Wajdi’ is sometimes misspelled into ‘Wadji’, especially in written form. Several years ago, my last name was written wrongly in my identity cart. My last name was wrongly spelled in my ‘NIDN’, Nomor Induk Dosen Nasional (National Registered of Lecturer Identity). Here is the English Alphabet. A [ei], B [bi:], C [si:], D [di:], E [i:], F [ef], G [dji:], H [eitj], I [ai], J [djei], K [kei], L [el], M [em], N [en], O [o], P [pi:], Q [kju], R [a:], S [es], T [ti], U [yu], V [vi:], W [double ju], X [eks], Z [zi] II. International Alphabet Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, Foxtrot, Golf, Hotel, India, Juliet, Kilo, Lima, Mike or Mama, Nancy, Oscar, Papa, Quebec, Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform, Victor, Whiskey, X-ray, Zulu or Zebra.

ENGLISH ALPHABET AND INTERNATIONAL ALPHABET

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